Tn-1

Vindicator - $3.95

The XSB2U-1 was of conventional low-wing tailwheel monoplane configuration, with the pilot and tail gunner seated in tandem under a long greenhouse-style canopy. Its only remarkable design feature was a propeller with reversible pitch, allowing it to be used to brake the aircraft during a dive bombing attack.

Vought Sikorsky SB2U Vindicator

The SB2U Vindicator This was the Navy's first monoplane Scout-Bomber opening up a new generation of Navy Aviation in the 30's. By the time the war had started, the Vindicator was sadly outperformed by the Japanese fighters in the Pacific.


This is an important model in your WSAM because of how it bravely ushered in the new era. It's in pre-involvment colors, you'll notice.



An all-metal, low-wing monoplane with two crew seated in tandem beneath a long glasshouse, simple radial engine and retractable undercarriage: the definition was typical of the US Navy scout-bombers and torpedo-bombers of the late thirties-the new generation which followed the classic biplanes and laid the foundation for the combat types of World War II....



Assembly Details for the Vindicator

 

An all-metal, low-wing monoplane with two crew seated in tandem beneath a long glasshouse, simple radial engine and retractable undercarriage: the definition was typical of the US Navy scout-bombers and torpedo-bombers of the late thirties-the new generation which followed the classic biplanes and laid the foundation for the combat types of World War II. An aircraft fitting this description in every respect was the XSB2U-l ordered from Vought on October 11, 1934, as the Navy's first monoplane scout-bomber. Suitability of a monoplane was by no means accepted without question at that time, however, and four months later Vought received a contract for a new biplane scout-bomber prototype, the XSB3U-l, as well.

 

three view of the Vought VindicatorBoth the new Vought prototypes reached Anacostia in April 1936, the XSB2U-l having first flown on January 4, 1936; comparative trials clearly established the superiority of the monoplane. A production order for 54 SB2U-ls was placed on October 26, 1936, and further work on the biplane was dropped. Completed in July 1937, the SB2U-l was powered by an 825 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1535-96 engine, improving the top speed performance by some 20 mph.

 

Delivery of the SB2U-ls began on December 20, 1937, to Navy Squadron VB-3. In January 1938 the Navy ordered 58 5132U-2s with the same engines, differing from the earlier model in having a small increase in gross weight due to new equipment. These were delivered during the latter months of 1938, being followed at the end of 1940 by the first of 57 SB2U-3s ordered on September 25, 1939.

These were the last variants in the series and the first to carry the name Vindicator (aircraft supplied to Britain had previously been named Chesapeake). They had the R-1535-02 engine, increased standard fuel capacity plus provision for long-range tanks for ferry flights, 050-in guns fore and aft, increased armour protection and higher operating weights. One SB2U-l was converted to the XSB2U-3 as a floatplane in 1939, but the production S132U-3s all served as landplane's.

cockpit arrangement

 

By 1940, SB2U-ls and SB2U-2s were serving with VB-2 (USS Lexingurn), VB-3 (Sarau go), VB-4, VS-41 and VS-42 (Ranger) and VS-71 and VS-72 (Wasp). Most of the SB2U-3s were issued to Marine squadrons, primarily equipping VMSB-131 and VMSB-231. These squadrons saw action against Japanese forces in the Pacific during 1942, including the Battle of Midway, but were soon replaced by later types.

 

Vindicator in flight


TECHNICAL DATA (SB2U-3)

Vought-Sikorsky Division, United Aircraft Corporation, Stratford, Connecticut.

Type: Carrier-based scout and dive-bomber. Pilot and observer 'gunner.

Power plant: One 825 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1535-02.

Dimensions. Span, 42 ft; length, 34 ft; height, l0ft 3 in; wing area, 305 sq ft.

Weights: Empty, 5,634 lb; gross, 9,421 lb.

Performance: Max speed, 243 mph at 9,500 ft; cruising speed, 152 mph; initial climb. 1,070 ft mm; service ceiling, 23,600 ft; range, 1,120 st miles.

Armament: One fixed forward-firing and one flexible rear 050-in gun.

Vought Vindicator