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PT-26 Trainer - $3.50

The Fairchild PT-19 was a USA Fairchild Aircraft monoplane primary trainer aircraft that served with the United States Army Air Forces, RAF and RCAF during World War II. The final variant was the PT-26, which used the L-440-7 engine. The Canadian-built versions of these were designated the Cornell.

Fairchild PT-26 Trainer

The Fairchild PT-26 Trainer Three versions produced and this was the latest. The cost and simplicity of the various PTs made them popular on the surplus market after the war and many are still used by private owners. This model is available in bright yellow as the Canadian 'Cornell'.


Although Army policy tended eventually to favour the biplane for primary pilot training programmes in World War 11, the Fairchild low-wing trainers were built in almost as large a number as the Boeing-Stearman biplanes, and were widely used in U.S. training schools.

Having been developed by Fairchild as the M-62, this design was first purchased by the Army in 1940 as the rapid expansion of the Air Corps got under way, and was designated PT-19.

Powered by the 175 h.p. Ranger L-440-1 engine, the PT-19 had tandem seating in open cockpits and a gross weight of 2,550 lb. Production totalled 270...




PT-26 Trainer


 

 

Fairchild PT-19, PT-23, PT-26

PT-23 four viewsAlthough Army policy tended eventually to favour the biplane for primary pilot training programmes in World War 11, the Fairchild low-wing trainers were built in almost as large a number as the Boeing-Stearman biplanes, and were widely used in U.S. training schools.

Having been developed by Fairchild as the M-62, this design was first purchased by the Army in 1940 as the rapid expansion of the Air Corps got under way, and was designated PT-19. Powered by the 175 h.p. Ranger L-440-1 engine, the PT-19 had tandem seating in open cockpits and a gross weight of 2,550 lb. Production totalled 270.

Massive orders for the Fairchild trainer in 1941 led to a doubling of the company's production facilities, but the demand exceeded capacity at Hagerstown and additional sources were provided by production lines put down by Aeronca and St. Louis. All three built the PT.19A version, with the 200 h.p. L-440-3 engine and detail improvements. Production totals were 3,182 by Fairchild.477 by Acronca and 44by St. Louis.

Introduction of equipment for blind-flying instruction, including a hood for the front cockpit, changed the designation to PT-19R. Fairchild built 774 of these, and Aeronca produced a further 143.

With production of the Ranger engine lagging behind airframe output in 1942, Fairchild converted a PT-19A (41-15172) to have an uncowled Continental R-670-5 engine; this prototype was designated XPT-23, and production PT-23s were built by Fairchild (two, with R-670-4 engines): Aeronca (375 with the -4 engine); Howard (199, with -4 or-S engine); St. Louis (200, with -Il engine) and Fleet in Canada (93, with -4 engine). The PT-23A had blind-flying provision; Howard built 150 and St. Louis 106.

For use in the Commonwealth Air Training Scheme in Canada, a version of PT-19A was fitted with a canopy over the two cockpits and re-designated PT-26. Fairchild built 670 for Lend-Lease to the R.C.A.F., and the Army paid for another 807 PT-26A and 250 FT-26B built by Fleet in Canada.

TECHNICAL DATA (PT-19A, PT-23A)

MANUFACTURER. The Fairchild Engine & Airplane Corporation, Hagerstown; The Aeronca Aircraft Corporation, Middletown, Ohio; The St. Louis Aircraft Corporation, St. Louis, Mo.: Howard Aircraft Corporation, St. Charles, Ill, and Fleet Aircraft Corp., Fort Erie, Ontario.

TYPE. Primary trainer.

ACCOMMODATION; Popil and instructor in tandem open cockpits.

POWER PLANT(PT-19A): One 175 h.p. Ranger L-440-1 piston in-line. (PT-23A): One 220 h.p. Continental R-670-4, -5 or -11 piston radial.

DIMENSIONS. Span, 36 ft. 0 in. Length (PT-19A), 28 ft. 0 in. (PT-23A), 25 ft. II in. Height (PT-19A), 10 ft. 6 in. (PT-23A), 10 ft. 0 in. Wing area, 200 sq. ft.

WEIGHTS. Empty (PT-19A), 1,845 lb. (PT-23A), 2,045 lb. Gross (PT-19A), 2,545 lb. (PT-23A), 2,450 lb.

PERFORMANCE: Max. speed (PT-19A), 132 mph. (PT-23A), 128 mph. Climb

(PT-19A), 175 mm. to 10,000. (PT-23A), 194 mm. to 10,000 ft. Service ceiling

(PT-19A), 15,300 ft. (PT-23A), 13,200 ft. Range (PT-19A), 400 st. miles (PT-23M.

330 st. miles.


ln apparent contradiction of the USAACs preference for biplane primary trainers, the PT-19 series was built in very large numbers The aeroplane was developed as the M-62, and was ordered in 1940 as the PT-19 with open cockpits and the 130.5-kW (175-hp) Ranger L-440-1 incline. These 270 aircraft proved to be only the beginning of a veritable flood, for next came 3,703 PT-l9As with minor improvements and the 149-kW (1200-hp) L-440-3 engine, and 917 PT-19B blind-flying train ers with a hooded front cockpit.

With airframe construction outstripping Ranger supplies the 869 PT-23s switched to the Continental R-670 radial. The PT-23A was the blind-flying equivalent of which 261 were built for Canadian operation Fairchild developed the Ranger-engined PT-26 with a long glasshouse canopy over the two cockpits, and 1,727 of this type were built in PT-26, PT-26A and PT-26B variants named Cornell in Canada.

 

Specification: Fairchild PT-23A two-seat primary trainer

Span: 10.97m(36ft 0in)

Length: 7.90m (12Sf) 11 in)

Powerplant: lxContinenta

R-670-4, -5 or-11, 164kW (240 hp)

Armament: none

Max T/O weight: 1111 kg (2,450 b)

Max speed: 128 mph at sea evel

Operational range: 330 miles