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Spirit - $3.95

The Spirit of St. Louis (Registration: N-X-211) is the custom-built single engine, single seat monoplane that was flown solo by Charles Lindbergh on May 20–21, 1927, on the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris for which Lindbergh won the $25,000 Orteig Prize.

Lindbergh and his Spirit of St Louis

Lindbergh and the Spirit of St Louis

Ryan Spirit of St Louis-CUTAWAY

The most celebrated aeroplane designed by Ryan, the single engine NYP (better known as the Spirit of St Louis) was the plane in which Charles Lindbergh achieved the first solo nonstop crossing of the Atlantic when he flew from New York to Paris in 1927.

 



 


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 Spirit of St LouisRyan NYP "Spirit of St. Louis"replica is at Fantasy of Flight in Polk City,Florida
Spirit-of-St Louis-nose
Spirit-of-St Louis-and fuel barrels
Spirit-of-St Louis-Linburgh publilcity shot
Modeln' Pal Lindy
Spirit-of-St Louis-wing

 

The "Spirit of St. Louis" was designed by Donald Hall under the direct supervision of Charles Lindbergh.

It is a highly modified version of a conventional Ryan M-2 strut-braced monoplane, powered by a reliable Wright J-5C engine. Because the fuel tanks were located ahead of the cockpit for safety in case of an accident, Lindbergh could not see directly ahead, except by using a periscope on the left side or by turning the airplane and looking out a side window. The two tubes beneath the fuselage are flare dispensers that were installed for Lindbergh's flights to Latin America and the Caribbean.

ModelnPal-Claude RyanThe Ryan Aircraft Corporation's Spirit of St. Louis is perhaps one of the most famous aircraft ever built. With Charles Lindbergh as pilot, it became the first aircraft to successfully fly across the Atlantic Ocean in May 1927. Its marathon 33-hour, nonstop, non refueled flight departed Roosevelt Field on Long Island, New York and when the plane landed at LeBourget Airport in Paris, France, Lindbergh became an international hero overnight.

Spirit Of St LouisThe Spirit of St. Louis was enshrined in the Smithsonian Institution's National Air & Space Museum, alongside the Wright Brothers' aircraft. "Spirit of St. Louis" was named in honor of Lindbergh's supporters in St. Louis, Missouri, who paid for the aircraft. "NYP" is an acronym for "New York-Paris."

Dividing the Old World from the New, the Atlantic Ocean has always been a barrier to trade between Europe and the Americas, and the commercial importance of an aerial link was realized long before it became a practical possibility.

A flurry of activity in 1919 proved that the Atlantic could be conquered, but many years were to pass before it was tamed; the pioneer flights of Read (first crossing), Alcock and Brown (first non-stop crossing) and Scott (first crossings by airship) were a far cry from commercial operations which could offer the required degree of reliability with an economic payload.

During the 'twenties and 'thirties, many ingenious solutions were advanced to the problem of crossing 2,000 miles of water, frequently in adverse wind and weather and with inadequate navigational aids.

The route across the South Atlantic was a little easier than that farther north. From Dakar, in Senegal, to Natal, in Brazil, the distance was just under 1,900 miles (3,050 km), the weather was usually good and, in an emergency, the island of Fernando de Noronha, 300 miles (480 km) off the Brazilian coast, could be used for refueling. The enterprise of French and German pioneers led to the establishment of air routes across the South Atlantic within a decade of the first Atlantic crossings-but not before the North Atlantic had witnessed another epic flight which, in public acclaim, outdid even the achievement of Alcock and Brown.


Ryan Spirit of St. Louis


Spirit-of-St Louis-First Crossing:

The first Atlantic crossings had, not unnaturally, been concerned with little more than getting an aeroplane and its crew across the shortest distance of water separating Europe and America. It was not long, however, before attention was turned to linking centers of population further inland, and as early as 1920 a prize of $25,000 had been offered for the first non-stop flight between Paris and New York (in either direction).

The first attempt to cross the Atlantic from east to west, against the prevailing westerly winds, was made in 1924, when three Douglas Cruisers left Brough, in Yorkshire, and two succeeded in reaching Labrador in stages, with lengthy intervening stops. Further attempts in each direction during 1927 took the lives of the Americans Davis and Wooster, the Frenchmen Nungesser and Coli, and two crew members of the Frenchman Fonck. Then, with little prior publicity, the young American Charles Lindbergh arrived in Paris on 21 May 1927, at the end of a 332-hour, 3,610-mile flight from New York. His was the first non-stop solo flight, and the longest trans Atlantic fight to that date, qualifying for the 525,000 prize and resulting in a display of public adulation which today is more usually reserved for pop-stars.

The Ryan NYP either taking off or LAnding or just flying aroundLindbergh, 25 years of age and a pilot by profession, had a natural flair for flying and above-average ability as a navigator. He needed both in good measure through the long watches of the moonless night over the Atlantic, as he battled through icing levels, unknown winds and poor visibility.

His flight not only demonstrated great personal skill and courage, but also vindicated his faith in the single 237 hp Wright Whirlwind engine which powered the specially-built Ryan NYP (New York-Paris) monoplane Spirit of St Louis.

Apart from the engine and rudimentary cockpit, from which the only forward view could be obtained through a periscope, the NYP was little more than a flying fuel tank, containing 450 US gallons (1,705 liters) in the fuselage and wings. Like most other Atlantic fliers of the period, Lindbergh made his take-off with the aeroplane loaded to a weight far above normal; the ability of the aeroplane to leave the ground at this weight in the length of runway available was unknown until the start of the flight.

After a hazardous but successful take-off, Lindbergh flew north from Long Island to cross Newfoundland before setting course eastwards. His landfall, 28 hours after take-off, was only three miles off course over the Irish coast, and the remainder of the flight, across the tip of Cornwall and on to Cherbourg and Paris, was uneventful.


Spirit of St Louis downloadable card model Spirit of St Louis downloadable card model

Subject: MY First INSIDE OUT FG.

What to build? Looking through the FG website models what would be most recognizable as an all white build? Spirit Of St. Louis! Even non aviator types know this one.

Printed the Fiddlersgreen Black & White parts page on Wausau Exact Vellum Bristol 57LB. It appears the solid black wing registration numbers would show through from the back side so I photoshopped out all the markings. Photo attached.

Scored all wing ribs, fuselage windows, doors, and stringers. Photo attached.

Wrapped scrap around skewer to form cylinders.(see photo above)

The Instruction sheet three view in deep black is difficult to see any detail; guessed at tail struts. I will do some Internet research and make any corrections.. Bob Penikas

Lindbergh cardmodel

Spirit of St Louis
Transporting the Ryan- Spirit of St Louis - in Paris
Spirit Of St Louis
Before take off from Roosevelt field, a little word from our sponsor
Spirit Of St Louis
spiritofstlouise.
DIck Doll Ryan model

Dick Doll works a little misty morning diorama magic with his FG model of the Spirit of St Louis waiting at the far end of Roosevelt Field.


Ryan Spirit of St. Louis Cockpit
The Ryan was well equipped for its day with most of the basic flight and engine instruments.

 

Three views for the Ryan NYP

Specifications

Length: 27 ft 7 in
Wingspan: 46 ft
Height: 9 ft 10 in
Wing area: 320 ft²
Airfoil: Clark Y
Empty weight: 2,150 lb
Loaded weight: 2,888 lb
Useful load: 450 gal
Max takeoff weight: 5,135 lb
Powerplant: 1× Wright Whirlwind J-5C Single blade Standard Steel Propeller, 223 hp

Performance
Maximum speed: 133 mph
Cruise speed: 100- 110 mph
Range: 4,100 mi
Service ceiling: 16,400 ft
Wing loading: 16 lb/ft²
Power/mass: 23 lb/hp

 

Ryan Spirit of St. Louis Callout
A: The Ryan was a fairly conventional high-wing monoplane. The wings were steel tube covered in fabric, while the ailerons, elevators and rudder were fabric-covered wood. B: Lindbergh knew he was going to be over the North Atlantic for more than a day, so he wore a thick fleece-lined flying suit, Even so, as fatigue set in he began to feel the cold. C: The fuselage, like the wings, was of fabric-covered steel tube. The fabric was heavy cotton treated with cellulose solution and painted in aluminum paint.
D: Power came from a Wright Whirlwind engine, a reliable and well-tried powerplant. lt was a nine-cylinder radial capable of delivering more than 230 hp. E: Most of the front fuselage was taken up by fuel tanks, which, together with wing tanks, held 450 gallons of aviation fuel. The Spirit of St. Louis used 366 gallons during the flight. F: Lindbergh sat in a lightweight wicker seat. Survival equipment was kept to a minimum: a small dinghy, maps, charts, a hunting knife and fishing tackle. For sustenance en route he carried five ham sandwiches and two canteens of water.